Home » Fixed-Rate Versus Adjustable-Rate Mortgage, Which Is Better During Times Of Recessions?

Fixed-Rate Versus Adjustable-Rate Mortgage, Which Is Better During Times Of Recessions?

The fixed and variable mortgage rates are different regarding the funding. The variable mortgage rate is a product that is based on the prime lending rate while a mortgage lender buys fixed mortgages, then sold as a mortgage to a buyer and later re-sold to make an income. In 2008, there was an economic crisis that affected the whole world with countries such as Canada being affected. It led to the agreement that governments hold their prime lending rates low so that they can keep the cost of borrowing attractive to potential clients.

Such measures have resulted in the growing of economy in the leading industrialized countries for more than five years. They have also helped the staving off a deeper recession than what countries would have witnessed. The consequences of low rates led to positive of the purchasing in the real estate sector resulting in the affordability of houses.

The measures include amortization reductions, rules of borrowing being tightened and a requirement of variable mortgage rate shoppers to qualify following a prescribed rate of 5.34%. Currently, the variable mortgage rates range from 2.6% while the fixed mortgage rate ranges from 3.49%.

Recession? What is not to be done?

The adverse reflections of an economy in the country can also imprint its defying prospects on your financial processes. Dwelling into the key takeaways for your financial pension plans can alleviate the losses to a great extent.

You must avoid becoming a co-signer on loan. How to do that? Taking out an adjustable-rate mortgage and opting on for a new debt can leave you with financial risks in the time of recession. When purchasing a real estate, you may want to consider an adjustable-rate mortgage. In some cases, this move can be beneficial since interest rates in the usual context tend to fall early in recession times. In simple terms, if you consider an adjustable-rate loan in recession, then certainly it may rise after the recovery of the situation. But how about considering the worst-case scenario.

Let’s suppose in recession times; you lose your job. On top of that, the interest rate rises as the situation starts to abate. Obviously, your monthly payments would go up. Will you be able to keep up with the standard payments? There will be delayed payments or, in fact, may the situation of having non-payments. That can adversely impact your credit report in turn. That would even create worse circumstances for you to receive a loan in the future. That can be dreading, right!

A recession may be a good time for locking in a lower fixed-rate mortgage. This can assure you of maintaining to a decent level of credit, if not going in for dynamic increases. So, it is advised not to increase these financial risks and, in fact, reducing it to a possible extent.

If you are a business owner, you can choose to postpone investments in capital improvements and holding your financial debts until there is a clear sign of recovery.

Fixed Mortgage Rates

The above mortgage rate is based on bond futures. It is a contract that is set and therefore the payments you make do not increase for the duration that you have agreed. It is a constant rate that does not increase or reduce at any given time and circumstance. The following reasons are why you can consider fixed mortgage rates,

There is not risk

  • Customers buy the property at affordable range
  • Customers do not have the knowledge about borrowing, and it is advisable that they stick to secure mortgage
  • The borrowing capacity can be maximized.

Variable Mortgage Rates

These are mortgage rates that can change depending on the condition of the market. They are not expensive at the time because they are a representation of the cost of today, but fixed mortgages consider long terms considering that rates can change within a given period.

The adjustable-rate mortgage plans can come in different types. The hybrid ARM is the most popular type. Channeling it further, you can find the most popular type of adjustable-rate mortgage as 5/1 ARM, followed by 3/1 ARM.The early renewal feature of the variable mortgage makes it possible to lock into than prevailing of fixed terms at any particular time. The rates of Variable mortgage are riskier compared to those of fixed mortgage rates because the customer will have to depend on the opportunity and proper timing of the lock in.

What is the difference between fixed-rate and adjustable-rate mortgages?

The fundamental difference between the two is based on the consistency of the interest rate. The nomenclature of the two mortgage loans makes it simpler for you. The principal payment and the pre-decided interest rate do not change in the fixed-rate mortgage. That implies that your financial expenditure for the principal payment and the interest remains the same throughout the specified time. However, that amount may be revoked or improvised further if there is a change in your real estate taxes or variations in insurance premiums. On the other hand, if you think about an ARM loan, that may have a wider screen to share in your financial proceedings!

  • Contextually, Adjustable-rate Mortgage is the hybrid of two aspects. Generally, it has an introductory fixed-rate period, followed by annual rate adjustments. Though, a large part of the rate adjustments is based on the terms of the loan. Interestingly, an adjustable-rate mortgage can have a lower initial rate than that of the fixed-rate mortgage. However, in the long run, ARM borrowers are at a higher risk in considerable aspects of incremental ratios.
  • Imagine that the real estate market slowed down, and the value of your stance fell drastically, will you be able to sell it as you hoped? Certainly NOT! That is why adjustable-rate mortgages cannot fit all your financial closets at one-go.
  • The main risk that surmounts the count of a fixed rate is that if the rate falls, you may be stuck at a higher rate. However, this case is rarely realized in practical life when the United States is in a low-rate financial prospect.

Number aspects: Fixed Rate vs. ARM monthly payment difference

Consider some numbers that can redefine your monthly payment difference while choosing for the best financial plan. Here is what you would pay per month for different mortgage plans, depending on a fixed-rate or adjustable-rate mortgage. The numbers depicted here are in consideration with the national average interest rates.

  • Fixed-rate mortgage: 30 years- $495
  • Fixed-rate mortgage:15 years- $726
  • Adjustable-rate mortgage: 5/1- $480 for the initial 60 months

Now, while you look at the above figures for monthly payments, the adjustable-rate mortgage seems to be a better option. In fact, it can be the cheapest choice for you by $15, considering on a monthly basis. That means, on a larger screen, if you have borrowed half a million, you will save $73 per month. That can be amazing, right?

Future aspects

No one can predict the future. So, practically financial decisions must be made in terms of the current situation. Consulting an experienced loan officer can relatively ease your way of choosing from various options for a mortgage loan. It is advised that regardless of the loan type, you must choose wisely between the fixed-rate and adjustable-rate mortgage.


Variable mortgage rates are not dangerous products if you have their experience and can be in a position to cope with the risks of not locking into a fixed mortgage rate. They can only to the people who can absorb the shock if they miss the opportunity.

Compared to fixed mortgages, variable are less expensive, but that is about what is available in fixed term leases regarding closing. Experts have always held the view that variable rates are the best choice which has been observed for the last five years in the sector.

Peter Christopher

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